Australian Marginal Tax Rates Explained
In Australia, more income tax is paid for every dollar you earn, after your allowable tax deductions.
All Taxable Income – Tax Deductions = Taxable Income
For example, Joe calculates that he earns $100,000 from his job plus dividends. He has $20,000 in tax deductions.
Joe’s “taxable income” is $80,000 ($100,000 income – $20,000 deductions).
Joe’s friend Barney earns $50,000 after tax deductions. Joe will pay more tax for each dollar he earns.
If you earn less than $18,000 you won’t be liable for income tax — but you may need to lodge a tax return if you:
- Paid tax on your income (e.g. PAYG)
- If you some received some other tax benefit (e.g. Super, health insurance)
Those are just two examples, click here to use the ATO’s free calculator.
Marginal TaxRates Increase With Income
If you earn $50,000 you’ll pay 32.5 cents of tax for every extra dollar you earn.
If you earn $100,000 you’ll pay 37 cents of tax for every extra dollar.
And if you earn over $180,000, you’ll pay 45 cents of tax for every extra dollar.
The maximum rate of income tax (45%) applies to anyone earning more than $180,000 each year.
In addition to income taxes, two other common types of tax that most Australians pay each year include:
What else do I need to know?
Marginal Tax Rates are constantly changing, so it’s important to keep an eye on the latest changes from one tax year to the next or speak to a qualified tax agent.